Multi - Story Burn Building
The multi - story burn building is designed and constructed to provide many scenarios for fire fighter training. This include but are not limited to; interior fire attack, ventilation, ladders, rope rescue, SCBA training, search and rescue, hose handling, utilization and support of fire protection systems and team work involved to accomplish the above.
The building is constructed of steel reinforced concrete with 4" of concrete cover over the steel on the hot face side of the ceiling. Also, 3/4" plywood is bolted to these ceilings to provide sacrificial shielding to the concrete, to prevent spalling due to thermal cycling.
Windows and doors are constructed of heavy gauge galvanized steel. The doors have simple to operate latches, both inside and out to provide safe entry and egress.
The building is equipped with a standpipe system and a sprinkler system. The sprinkler system utilizes fused link heads, or may be activated manually with open heads to demonstrate how sprinklers control fire.
The multi - story is divided into two sections. The east side simulates garden type apartments, condominiums, or two story single family residences. It is commonly referred to as the "residential side". The west side, commonly referred to as the "commercial side" simulates high rack storage areas, strip centers, small manufacturing occupancies, hotel/motel rooms, or office buildings.
The elevator shaft simulator physically connects the two sides of the structure. It is to be used as an area of safe refuge and egress in emergencies, and provide hookup to the standpipe system. Fires are not permitted in this space, or in any space adjacent to the shaft designated by the signs. Vertical access is also provided for this shaft, via a ladder up through spring loaded floor hatches.
The ventilation hatches on the sloped roof can be used as is or with various roofing materials that may be actually cut out of the hatch, taking care not to damage the surrounding concrete. Safety railings are located beneath each hatch, that do not interfere with the use of roof ladders. Safety line tie off rings are also provided for on the sloped roof.
Single Story Burn Building
This structure is built with the same materials and basic design as the multi - story. It is laid out to simulate a single family resident. There are attic access panels as well as roof ventilation hatches which can also be used as actual cut out panels.
The drafting pond is to be used to train for rural drafting operations, to simulate the usual problems encountered, such as mud, debris, and limited access. The water pumped from the pond should be placed back into the pond, or on a portion of the field where the water will drain back into the pond. Extreme care should be taken not to erode or wash away embankments or sod with hose streams. Care should also be taken to keep any contaminants such as hydrocarbons from entering the pond that could affect the aquatic life. Water from this pond shall not be connected to or pumped to any fixed systems, or fire hydrants on or near the training field, to prevent possible contamination of the potable water supply.